Saturday, 11 September 2010
22 WEEKS ROUND THE WORLD - No.18
NIGERIA, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is located in West Africa. As a federal constitutional republic, is comprises thirty-six states and the Federeal Capital Territory, Abuja.
There is evidence showing that human habitation of the area dates back to at least 9000 BC.
Portuguese explorers were the first Europeans to begin trade in Nigeria in the port they named Lagos.
In 1900 the territory came under the control of the British government, which moved to consolidate its hold over the area of modern Nigeria. On January 1, 1901 Nigeria became a part of the British Empire (British protectorate).
On October 1, 1960, Nigeria gained its independence from the United Kingdom. Key sectors
• the 12th largest producer of petroleum in the world
• one of the fastest growing telecommunications markets in the world
• mineral resources which include natural gas, gold, iron ore, coal, lead etc. Despite huge deposits of these natural resources, the mining industry in Nigeria is still in it infancy.
• It also has a manufacturing industry which includes leather and textiles
Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa. With a population estimated to 154,729,000, distributed as 51.7% rural and 48.3% urban.
Nigeria has more than 250 ethnic groups, with varying languages (the number estimated is 521 living languages). The official language of Nigeria, English, was chosen to facilitate the cultural and linguistic unity of the country.
Nigeria is apparently divided between Islam and Christianity between North and South.
Soccer is Nigeria’s national sport. The national team, the Super Eagles, has made the World Cup in 1994, 1998, 2001 and 2010.